Glossary (Phrase list) >> Seven Entrances -detail-

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7 Entrances & 2 seaside routes

 

  Asahina Kiridoshi  

  We drive on the route 204 that is a long winding road running along Kamakura Reien-cemetery.

 

  On the other hand, that hiking route goes at the hoot of the mountain with the mountain cut that is Asaina Kiridoshi.  So, we can walk through on the relatively flat and shorter walk way.

 

Asaina old cut 朝夷奈切通

  Asaina old cut is called Asa-Ina (朝夷奈),while the current name around this area is Asa-Hina (朝比奈)as shown for the hiking trail name.

 

  Many locals say this trail is the most impressive old road in Kamakura.

  If you take a small path from that trail, you will see Kumano jinja熊野神社 that is a quiet shrine in the mountain.

 

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  Daibutsu zaka Kiridoshi  

  This is a little bit up and down mountain path that is divided from the regular Daibutsu Hiking Trail for the Genjiyama Park.

  We currently use the prefecture road 32 running parallel to this old Kiridoshi-road for the daily life.

 

Daibutsu old cut 大仏切通

  We can see the cut and some caves on the rock walls from which we feel the Samurai battles those days.

 

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  Gokurakuji zaka Kiridoshi  

  We daily use this regular street, but it is the Kiridoshi-road and has a long history.

 

  Mountains between Gokurakuji and Inamuragasaki were one of the big battle stages between the Shogunate army and the anti-government troops in 1333.

  In the Edo period (17-19C), Kamakura and Enoshima came to be known as a popular tourist spot.  Ancient travelers from Enoshima took this way to visit Goryo-Jinja and Hasedera Temple.

 

Gokurakukji old cut 極楽寺切通

  This point near Jojuin temple is the deepest cut in the Gokurakuji-zaka street.  It's widened and moderately steep road these days, but was a narrow and steep slope before the modern age's development.

 

  This Kiridoshii-road was cut through the seasid mountain by the Kamakura Shogunate around 13C, then people could enter Kamakura without going through the path around the cape that was splashed by sea waves.

 

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  Kamegayatsu zaka Kiridoshi  

  This up-down street was the old route between Kitakamakura and Kamakura as well as Kobukurozaka road.

 

  It is now paved and used as a regular walk-street but the old cut wall can be seen even now.

 

Kamegayatsu-zaka old cut 亀ケ谷坂

  Cars are not allowed to go through this road.

 

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  Kewai zaka Kiridoshi  

  The most important entrance in Kamakura was the Kewai-zaka route because that was the gateway to the north Kanto area such as Tokyo via Fujisawa those days.

 

  Now we can walk almost all extent on the paved street, but a short mountain path remains on the Genjiyama park side, that is, Kewai-zaka old cut.

 

Kewai-zaka old cut 化粧坂

  Mountain path is not so long, but a little bit steep slope.  Then we will be in the Genjiyama Park.  Yoritomo Statue is near there.

 

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  Kobukuro zaka Kiridoshi  

  We use the prefectural road 21 between Kitakamakura and Kamakura that is also called Kobukuro-zaka street.

 

  Original Kobukuro-zaka road was located a little bit south.  We can walk for a while then have to make a U-turn at a dead-end.

 

Kobukuro-zaka old cut 巨福呂坂

  Oume Shoten 青梅聖天, an old simple shrine and some stone monuments can be seen along the street.

 

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  Nagoe Kiridoshi  

  Several hiking courses go to some Nagoe old cut points.

 

Nagoe old cut 名越切通

  The remaining highest cut among the old Kamakura Seven Entrances is seen on this trail.

  We can actually see both the walk way down for the invaders and lookout deck up on the cut for the guards.

 

  We enjoy a nice panorama view at some points and another cut that is the rock shearing called Okiri-gishi 大切岸 in the course of Nagoe Hiking Trail.

 

Mandala-dou Yagura-gun

(まんだら堂やぐら群, Mandala-Caves)

  Caves made on the rock-wall in mountains can ben seen here and there in Kamakura, but "Mandala-Caves" along Nagoe Hiking Trail is very special.  More than 150 caves were built around and it looks like a three-story apartment building.

  That area is opened to the public only 60 days a year.

 

- Opening info.-

* Apr. May and Oct. Nov. Dec.

* Only on Sat. Sun. Mon. and National Holiday

* Hours: 10:00 AM - 4:00 PM 

 

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  Inamuragasaki  

  It is said that there was a route which was a seaside path to enter Kamakura from Shichirigahama beach line in the ancient times.  That was called Inamura-Michi 稲村路.

 

  Some old books describe Inamura-Michi as "A very narrow path along the high rocky wall aside and in the spray of water of a breaking wave".

 

  It is a story when the shape of the cliff and the coastline were different from the current ones due to the change over the years especially the great Kanto earthquake 1923.  And aslo, Inamuragasaki peak and the neighboring mountain were not clearly split before the current route 134 was laid.

 

  We can't trace the same route anymore but Inamuragasaki was the West seaside gateway those days.

 

The end of the Kamakura period

- in 1333 -

 

  Taihei-ki (太平記, an ancient book) describes that a big low tide helped the anti-government troops advance into Kamakura from Inamuragasaki.

 

  Although they were bigger than the Kamakura Shogunate army, they could not break through the Kiridoshi-roads cut through mountains such as Kobukuro-zaka, Gokurakuji-zaka, and Kewai-zaka.

 

  The book introduces an episode.  The tide went down greatly when the anti-government General Yoshisada Nitta 新田義貞 threw his sword into the sea.  His troops could rush in on the tideland to attack the Shogunate army, then the Kamakura Shogunate was overthrown.

 

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  Zaimokuza  

  On the other side of Inamuragasaki, the ancient Kamakura people used Kotsubo-michi 小坪路  for Zushi area.

 

  We drive through a tunnel now, but can also take a small walk-street beside the tunnel to the other side of the mountain as the ancient locals went to Kotsubo.


  Kotsubo-Michi continued along the bottom of the mountain as a coastal way those days.  We can walk nearly the same route, but that is not coastal since the landfill ground for Zushi Marina was made.

  An old photo shows the scenery before the landfill.  Ruins of a castle called Sumiyoshi Castle 住吉城 exists on the hill even now.

 

* There was one more Kotsubo-Michi that was a narrow bypass through this mountain.  Currently, no one but the residents along that path doesn't use it.

 

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